Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Act (S.C. 2009, c. 14, s. 126)
Act current to 2023-05-17 and last amended on 2019-08-28. Previous Versions
Marginal note:Variation or cancellation of notice of violation
16 At any time before a request for a review in respect of a notice of violation is received by the Chief Review Officer, a person designated under paragraph 6(b) may cancel the notice of violation or correct an error in it.
17 On receipt of a request made under section 15, the Chief Review Officer shall conduct the review or cause the review to be conducted by a review officer or by a panel of three review officers assigned by the Chief Review Officer. The Chief Review Officer may be a member of that panel.
Marginal note:Right to appear
18 The person, ship or vessel that requests the review and the Minister may appear in person or may be represented by counsel or by any other representative.
19 (1) The review officer or panel conducting the review may summon any person to appear as a witness and may order the witness to
(a) give evidence orally or in writing; and
(b) produce any documents and things that the review officer or panel considers necessary for the purpose of the review.
Marginal note:Enforcement of summonses and orders
(2) Any summons issued or order made under subsection (1) may be made a summons or an order of the Federal Court or of the superior court of a province and is enforceable in the same manner as a summons or an order of that court.
(3) To make a summons issued or an order made under subsection (1) a summons or an order of the Federal Court or of the superior court of a province, the usual practice and procedure of the court in such matters may be followed, or a certified copy of the summons or order may be filed with the court’s registrar and the summons or order then becomes a summons or an order of that court.
Marginal note:Fees for witnesses
(4) A witness who is served with a summons is entitled to receive the fees and allowances to which persons who are summoned to appear as witnesses before the Federal Court are entitled.
20 (1) After giving the person, ship or vessel that requested the review and the Minister reasonable notice orally or in writing of a hearing and allowing a reasonable opportunity in the circumstances for the person, ship or vessel and the Minister to make oral representations, the review officer or panel conducting the review shall determine whether the person, ship or vessel committed a violation.
(2) The Minister has the burden of establishing, on a balance of probabilities, that the person, ship or vessel committed the violation.
Marginal note:Correction of penalty
(3) If the review officer or panel determines that the penalty for the violation was not determined in accordance with the regulations, the review officer or panel shall correct the amount of the penalty.
Marginal note:Service of copy and reasons
21 The review officer or panel shall render their determination in writing within 30 days after the day on which the review is completed and, without delay, provide the Minister and the person, ship or vessel to which the determination relates with a copy of the determination and reasons.
22 If the review officer or panel determines that a person, ship or vessel has committed a violation, the person, ship or vessel is liable for the amount of the penalty as set out in the decision.
Marginal note:Determination is final
23 A determination made under section 21 is final and binding and, except for judicial review under the Federal Courts Act, is not subject to appeal or to review by any court.
24 The Chief Review Officer may make rules
(a) to govern the practice and procedure in respect of reviews under this Act;
(b) generally, to set out the work of review officers in respect of reviews under this Act; and
(c) to prevent trade secrets and information described in section 20 of the Access to Information Act from being disclosed or made public as a result of their being used as evidence in a review under this Act, including rules to provide for hearings or parts of hearings to be held in public or in private.
25 If a person, ship or vessel pays the penalty set out in a notice of violation, the person, ship or vessel is considered to have committed the violation and proceedings in respect of it are ended.
Marginal note:Failure to act
26 A person, ship or vessel that neither pays a penalty imposed under this Act nor requests a review in the prescribed time is considered to have committed the violation and is liable for the penalty.
Recovery of Penalties
Marginal note:Debts to Her Majesty
27 (1) A penalty constitutes a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada and may be recovered in the Federal Court or any other court of competent jurisdiction.
Marginal note:Limitation period
(2) No proceedings to recover the debt may be instituted more than five years after the day on which the debt becomes payable.
Marginal note:Application of fines
(3) All penalties received by the Receiver General in respect of the commission of a violation are to be credited to the Environmental Damages Fund, an account in the accounts of Canada, and used for purposes related to protecting, conserving or restoring the environment or for administering that Fund.
28 (1) The Minister may issue a certificate certifying the unpaid amount of any debt referred to in subsection 27(1).
Marginal note:Registration in Federal Court
(2) Registration in the Federal Court or in any other court of competent jurisdiction of a certificate issued under subsection (1) has the same effect as a judgment of that court for a debt of the amount specified in the certificate and all related registration costs.
Marginal note:Admissibility of documents
29 In the absence of evidence to the contrary, a document that appears to be a notice issued under subsection 10(1) is presumed to be authentic and is proof of its contents in any proceeding in respect of a violation.
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