Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act (S.C. 2000, c. 17)

Act current to 2023-01-25 and last amended on 2021-06-29. Previous Versions

PART 2Reporting of Currency and Monetary Instruments (continued)

Reporting (continued)

 [Repealed, 2018, c. 27, s. 174]

Retention

Marginal note:Temporary retention

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (5), if a person or an entity indicates to an officer that they have currency or monetary instruments to report under subsection 12(1) but the report has not yet been completed, the officer may, after giving notice in the prescribed manner to the person or entity, retain the currency or monetary instruments for the prescribed period.

  • Marginal note:Importation or exportation by courier or as mail

    (2) In the case of currency or monetary instruments imported or exported by courier or as mail, the officer shall, within the prescribed period, give the notice to the exporter if the exporter’s address is known, or, if the exporter’s address is not known, to the importer.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) Currency or monetary instruments may no longer be retained under subsection (1) if the officer is satisfied that the currency or monetary instruments have been reported under subsection 12(1).

  • Marginal note:Content of notice

    (4) The notice referred to in subsection (1) must state

    • (a) the period for which the currency or monetary instruments may be retained;

    • (b) that if, within that period, the currency or monetary instruments are reported under subsection 12(1), they may no longer be retained; and

    • (c) that currency or monetary instruments retained at the end of that period are forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada at that time.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture and report to Centre

    (5) Currency or monetary instruments that are retained by an officer under subsection (1) are forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada at the end of the period referred to in that subsection, and the officer shall send any incomplete report in respect of the forfeited currency or monetary instruments made under subsection 12(1) to the Centre.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 14
  • 2018, c. 27, s. 175

Searches

Marginal note:Search of the person

  •  (1) An officer may search

    • (a) any person who has arrived in Canada, within a reasonable time after their arrival in Canada,

    • (b) any person who is about to leave Canada, at any time before their departure, or

    • (c) any person who has had access to an area designated for use by persons about to leave Canada and who leaves the area but does not leave Canada, within a reasonable time after they leave the area,

    if the officer suspects on reasonable grounds that the person has secreted on or about their person currency or monetary instruments that are of a value equal to or greater than the amount prescribed for the purpose of subsection 12(1) and that have not been reported in accordance with that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Person taken before senior officer

    (2) An officer who is about to search a person under this section shall, on the person’s request, without delay take the person before the senior officer at the place where the search is to take place.

  • Marginal note:Discharge or search

    (3) A senior officer before whom a person is taken under subsection (2) shall, if the senior officer believes there are no reasonable grounds for suspicion under subsection (1), discharge the person or, if the senior officer believes otherwise, direct that the person be searched.

  • Marginal note:Search by same sex

    (4) No person shall be searched under this section by a person who is not of the same sex, and if there is no officer of the same sex at the place where the search is to take place, an officer may authorize any suitable person of the same sex to perform the search.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 15
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 55

Marginal note:Search of conveyance

  •  (1) An officer may, in order to determine whether there are, on or about a conveyance, currency or monetary instruments of a value equal to or greater than the amount prescribed for the purpose of subsection 12(1) and that have not been reported in accordance with that subsection, stop, board and search the conveyance, examine anything in or on it and open or cause to be opened any package or container in or on it and direct that the conveyance be moved to a customs office or other suitable place for the search, examination or opening.

  • Marginal note:Search of baggage

    (2) An officer may, in order to determine whether there are, in baggage, currency or monetary instruments that are of a value equal to or greater than the amount prescribed for the purpose of subsection 12(1) and that have not been reported in accordance with that subsection, search the baggage, examine anything in it and open or cause to be opened any package or container in it and direct that the baggage be moved to a customs office or other suitable place for the search, examination or opening.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 16
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 56
  • 2006, c. 12, s. 13

Marginal note:Examination and opening of mail

  •  (1) An officer may examine any mail that is being imported or exported and open or cause to be opened any such mail that the officer suspects on reasonable grounds contains currency or monetary instruments of a value equal to or greater than the amount prescribed for the purpose of subsection 12(1).

  • (2) and (3) [Repealed, 2017, c. 7, s. 53]

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 17
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 57
  • 2017, c. 7, s. 53

Seizures

Marginal note:Seizure and forfeiture

  •  (1) If an officer believes on reasonable grounds that subsection 12(1) has been contravened, the officer may seize as forfeit the currency or monetary instruments.

  • Marginal note:Return of seized currency or monetary instruments

    (2) The officer shall, on payment of a penalty in the prescribed amount, return the seized currency or monetary instruments to the individual from whom they were seized or to the lawful owner unless the officer has reasonable grounds to suspect that the currency or monetary instruments are proceeds of crime within the meaning of subsection 462.3(1) of the Criminal Code or funds for use in the financing of terrorist activities.

  • Marginal note:Notice of seizure

    (3) An officer who seizes currency or monetary instruments under subsection (1) shall

    • (a) if they were not imported or exported as mail, give the person from whom they were seized written notice of the seizure and of the right to review and appeal set out in sections 25 and 30;

    • (b) if they were imported or exported as mail and the address of the exporter is known, give the exporter written notice of the seizure and of the right to review and appeal set out in sections 25 and 30; and

    • (c) take the measures that are reasonable in the circumstances to give notice of the seizure to any person whom the officer believes on reasonable grounds is entitled to make an application under section 32 in respect of the currency or monetary instruments.

  • Marginal note:Service of notice

    (4) The service of a notice under paragraph (3)(b) is sufficient if it is sent by registered mail addressed to the exporter.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 18
  • 2001, c. 32, s. 71, c. 41, ss. 58, 134

Marginal note:Power to call in aid

 An officer may call on other persons to assist the officer in exercising any power of search, seizure or retention that the officer is authorized under this Part to exercise, and any person so called on is authorized to exercise the power.

Marginal note:Recording of reasons for decision

 If an officer decides to exercise powers under subsection 18(1), the officer shall record in writing reasons for the decision.

Marginal note:Report to President and the Centre

 If the currency or monetary instruments have been seized under section 18, the officer who seized them shall without delay report the circumstances of the seizure to the President and to the Centre.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 20
  • 2005, c. 38, s. 127

Exported Mail

Marginal note:Mail to be made available to an officer

  •  (1) On request of an officer, any mail that is being sent from a place in Canada to a place in a foreign country and that contains or is suspected to contain currency or monetary instruments that are of a value equal to or greater than the amount prescribed for the purpose of subsection 12(1) shall be submitted by the Canada Post Corporation to an officer.

  • Marginal note:Mail in the course of post

    (2) All mail that is submitted to an officer under this section remains, for the purposes of the Canada Post Corporation Act, in the course of post unless it is retained or seized under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Notice of retention or seizure

    (3) If mail is retained or seized under this Part, notice of the retention or seizure shall be given in writing to the Canada Post Corporation within 60 days after the retention or seizure unless the mail has, before the expiry of that period, been returned to the Corporation.

  • Marginal note:Mail subject to customs laws

    (4) An officer shall deal with all mail submitted to the officer under this section in accordance with the laws relating to customs and this Part and, subject to those laws and this Part, shall return it to the Canada Post Corporation.

  • Marginal note:Non-mailable matter

    (5) Any non-mailable matter found by an officer in mail made available to the officer under this section shall be dealt with in accordance with the regulations made under the Canada Post Corporation Act.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 21
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 59

Transfer to the Minister of Public Works and Government Services

Marginal note:When forfeiture under s. 14(5)

  •  (1) An officer who retains currency or monetary instruments forfeited under subsection 14(5) shall send the currency or monetary instruments to the Minister of Public Works and Government Services.

  • Marginal note:When seizure or payment of a penalty

    (2) An officer who seizes currency or monetary instruments or is paid a penalty under subsection 18(2) shall send the currency or monetary instruments or the penalty, as the case may be, to the Minister of Public Works and Government Services.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 22
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 60

Forfeiture

Marginal note:Time of forfeiture

 Subject to subsection 18(2) and sections 25 to 31, currency or monetary instruments seized as forfeit under subsection 18(1) are forfeited to Her Majesty in right of Canada from the time of the contravention of subsection 12(1) in respect of which they were seized, and no act or proceeding after the forfeiture is necessary to effect the forfeiture.

Review and Appeal

Marginal note:Review of forfeiture

 The forfeiture of currency or monetary instruments seized under this Part is final and is not subject to review or to be set aside or otherwise dealt with except to the extent and in the manner provided by sections 24.1 and 25.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 24
  • 2006, c. 12, s. 14

Marginal note:Corrective measures

  •  (1) The Minister, or any officer delegated by the President for the purposes of this section, may, within 90 days after a seizure made under subsection 18(1) or an assessment of a penalty referred to in subsection 18(2),

    • (a) cancel the seizure, or cancel or refund the penalty, if the Minister is satisfied that there was no contravention; or

    • (b) reduce the penalty or refund the excess amount of the penalty collected if there was a contravention but the Minister considers that there was an error with respect to the penalty assessed or collected, and that the penalty should be reduced.

  • Marginal note:Interest

    (2) If an amount is refunded to a person or entity under paragraph (1)(a), the person or entity shall be given interest on that amount at the prescribed rate for the period beginning on the day after the day on which the amount was paid by that person or entity and ending on the day on which it was refunded.

  • 2006, c. 12, s. 14
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 273

Marginal note:Request for Minister’s decision

 A person from whom currency or monetary instruments were seized under section 18, or the lawful owner of the currency or monetary instruments, may, within 90 days after the date of the seizure, request a decision of the Minister as to whether subsection 12(1) was contravened, by giving notice to the Minister in writing or by any other means satisfactory to the Minister.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 25
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 61
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 274

Marginal note:Extension of time by Minister

  •  (1) If no request for a decision of the Minister is made under section 25 within the period provided in that section, the person or lawful owner referred to in that section may apply to the Minister in writing or by any other means satisfactory to the Minister for an extension of the time for making the request.

  • Marginal note:Reasons

    (2) An application shall set out the reasons why the request was not made on time.

  • Marginal note:Burden of proof

    (3) The burden of proof that an application has been made under subsection (1) lies on the person or lawful owner claiming to have made it.

  • Marginal note:Notice of decision

    (4) The Minister shall, without delay after making a decision in respect of an application, notify the applicant in writing of the decision.

  • Marginal note:Conditions for granting application

    (5) The application is not to be granted unless

    • (a) it is made within one year after the end of the period provided in section 25; and

    • (b) the applicant demonstrates that

      • (i) within the period provided in section 25, they were unable to act or to instruct another person to act in their name or had a bona fide intention to request a decision,

      • (ii) it would be just and equitable to grant the application, and

      • (iii) the application was made as soon as circumstances permitted.

  • 2014, c. 20, s. 274

Marginal note:Extension of time by Federal Court

  •  (1) The person or lawful owner referred to in section 25 may apply to the Federal Court to have their application under section 25.1 granted

    • (a) within the period of 90 days after the Minister dismisses that application, if it is dismissed; or

    • (b) after 90 days have expired after that application was made, if the Minister has not notified the person or lawful owner of a decision made in respect of it.

  • Marginal note:Application process

    (2) The application shall be made by filing in the Federal Court a copy of the application made under section 25.1, and any notice given in respect of it. The applicant shall notify the Minister that they have filed the application immediately after having filed it.

  • Marginal note:Powers of the Court

    (3) The Court may grant or dismiss the application and, if it grants the application, may impose any terms that it considers just or order that the request made under section 25 be deemed to have been made on the date the order was made.

  • Marginal note:Conditions for granting application

    (4) The application is not to be granted unless

    • (a) the application under subsection 25.1(1) was made within one year after the end of the period provided in section 25; and

    • (b) the person or lawful owner making the application demonstrates that

      • (i) within the period provided in section 25, they were unable to act or to instruct another person to act in their name or had a bona fide intention to request a decision,

      • (ii) it would be just and equitable to grant the application, and

      • (iii) the application was made as soon as circumstances permitted.

  • 2014, c. 20, s. 274
 
Date modified: