Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada


Federal Courts Rules

Version of section 232 from 2006-03-22 to 2010-08-02:

Marginal note:Undisclosed or privileged document

  •  (1) Unless the Court orders otherwise or discovery of documents has been waived by the parties, no document shall be used in evidence unless it has been

    • (a) disclosed on a party's affidavit of documents as a document for which no privilege has been claimed;

    • (b) produced for inspection by a party, or a person examined on behalf of one of the parties, on or subsequent to examinations for discovery; or

    • (c) produced by a witness who is not, in the opinion of the Court, under control of the party.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a document that is used solely as a foundation for, or as a part of a question in, cross-examination or re-examination.

Date modified: